Zone 1 – Reforestation Area
Zone 1 are the highest lands that are at a gradient of 25° or greater. This zone is key as it supplies the water security to zones 2 & 3 as well as anyone downstream.
Reforestation Area creates a cooler micro climate that increases rainfall, decreases evapotranspiration (responsible for 86% of water loss from the island) and provides some basic income streams – minimally from wood, but more so from other products. Here we replant various indigenous types of trees and bushes. It is strictly off-limits to human and domestic animal use, and only the care-takers are allowed access.
Soil Organic Matter is of key importance, and advantages include:
- 1% increase in SOG can absorb/store 150,000 litres / hectare
- Enhanced fertility and productivity
- Reduced nutrient leaching
- Resistance to soil erosion
“A nation that destroys its soil, destroys itself”
— Franklin D. Roosevelt, Former President of the USA.